Working Papers, Department of Economics, Aarhus School of Business, University of Aarhus
The Long-Term Effect on Children of Increasing the Length of Parents' Birth-Related Leave
Abstract: The length of parents’ birth-related leave varies across
countries and has been subject of some debate. In this paper, I will focus
on some potential bene…ts of leave. I investigate the long-term e¤ects on
children of increasing the length of parents’birth-related leave using a
natural experiment from 1984 in Denmark when the leave length was increased
quite suddenly by almost 50% from 14 to 20 weeks. Regression discontinuity
design is used to identify the causal e¤ect of the leave reform and to
estimate whether there is a measurable, persistent e¤ect on children’s
cognitive and educational outcomes at ages 15 and 21. A population sample
of Danish children born in the months around implementation of the reform
and a dataset with Danish PISA-2000 scores are used for the analysis.
Results indicate that increasing parents’ access to birth-related leave has
no measurable e¤ect on children’s long-term cognitive outcomes.
Keywords: Maternity leave; parental leave; child outcomes; (follow links to similar papers)
JEL-Codes: D13; J13; J18; (follow links to similar papers)
41 pages, January 1, 2007
Accepted for publication in Labour Economics: Rasmussen, A.W.(2009), "Increasing the Length of Parents' Birth-Related Leave: The Effect on Children's Long-Term Educational Outcomes"
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