African Economic History Working Paper, African Economic History Network
Borders that Divide: Education and Religion in Ghana and Togo since Colonial Times
() and Alexander Moradi
Abstract: The partition of German Togoland after WWI provides a
natural experiment allowing to test what impact colonial policies really
had. Using a data set of recruits to the Ghana colonial army 1908-1955, we
ﬁnd literacy and religious beliefs to diverge at the border between
British and French mandated part of Togoland as early as in the 1920s. We
attribute this to the diﬀerent policies towards missionary schools.
The divergence is only visible in the South where educational and
evangelization eﬀorts were strong enough. Using contemporary survey
data we ﬁnd that border eﬀects originated at colonial times
still persist today.
Keywords: Africa; German Togoland; colonial policies; missionary schools; (follow links to similar papers)
JEL-Codes: N37; N97; (follow links to similar papers)
56 pages, June 17, 2013
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