Scandinavian Working Papers in Economics
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Department of Economics, University of Bergen Working Papers in Economics, Department of Economics, University of Bergen

No 18/05:
Why has the Nordic electricity market worked so well?

Eirik S. Amundsen () and Lars Bergman ()

Abstract: The general opinion among power industry representatives and electricity market analysts is that the Nordic electricity market has worked well. The purpose of this paper is to explore why the Nordic electricity market has performed well and to consider to what extent the Nordic experiences are relevant for other countries. In particular, we investigate causes as to why the Nordic market managed to withstand the supply shock in 2002 2003. A comparison is made with the California case, and the potential problem of market power abuse is investigated in particular. The relatively successful electricity market reform in the Nordic countries seems to be attributable to: a simple but sound market design, a successful dilution of market power, a strong political support for deregulation and voluntary, informal commitment to public service by the power industry.

Keywords: Nordic electricity market; California electricity market; supply shock; market power.; (follow links to similar papers)

JEL-Codes: L10; L11; L51; L94; (follow links to similar papers)

17 pages, December 16, 2005

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