Scandinavian Working Papers in Economics
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Department of Economics, University of Bergen Working Papers in Economics, Department of Economics, University of Bergen

No 09/10:
North-South technology transfer in unionised multinationals

Kjell Erik Lommerud (), Frode Meland () and Odd Rune Straume ()

Abstract: We study how incentives for North-South technology transfers in multinational enterprises are a¤ected by labour market institutions. If workers are collectively organised, incentives for technology transfers are partly governed by ?rms? desire to curb trade union power. This will a¤ect not only the extent but also the type of technology transfer. While skill upgrading of southern workers bene?ts these workers at the expense of northern worker welfare, quality upgrading of products produced in the South may harm not only northern but also southern workers. A minimum wage policy to raise the wage levels of southern workers may spur technology transfer, possibly to the extent that the utility of northern workers decline. These conclusions are reached in a setting where a unionised multinational multiproduct ?rm produces two vertically di¤erentiated products in northern and southern subsidiaries, respectively.

Keywords: North-South technology transfer; Multinationals; Trade unions; Minimum wages; (follow links to similar papers)

JEL-Codes: F23; J51; O33; (follow links to similar papers)

34 pages, September 23, 2010

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