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Bank of Finland Research Discussion Papers, Bank of Finland

No 2/2003:
Do networks in the stock exchange industry pay off? European evidence

Iftekhar Hasan and Heiko Schmiedel

Abstract: The economic theory of network externalities provides the rationale for this paper, which investigates whether adoption of network strategies in European stock exchanges creates additional value in the provision of trading services. Using unbalanced panel data from all major European exchanges over the period 19962000, the paper examines empirically the presence of network effects on the liquidity, growth, and efficiency of the exchanges; the transaction cost of trades; and the cost of exchange operations. The evidence shows that adopting a network strategy is significantly associated with higher liquidity, growth and efficiency in the sample markets. Moreover, a network strategy helps to reduce transaction costs of trades as well as operational costs for stock exchanges.

Keywords: stock exchanges; network externalities; remote access; Europe; (follow links to similar papers)

JEL-Codes: F36; G15; O52; (follow links to similar papers)

47 pages, January 16, 2003

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