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Bank of Finland Research Discussion Papers, Bank of Finland

No 8/2004:
Further evidence on the link between finance and growth: An international analysis of community banking and economic performance

Allen N. Berger, Iftekhar Hasan () and Leora F. Klapper

Abstract: We seek to contribute to both the finance-growth literature and the community banking literature by testing the effects of the relative health of community banks on economic growth and investigating potential transmission mechanisms for these effects using data from 19932000 on 49 nations. Data from both developed and developing nations suggest that larger market shares and higher efficiency rankings for small, private, domestically owned banks are associated with better economic performance, and that the marginal benefits of larger shares are greater when the banks are more efficient. Only mixed support is found for hypothesized transmission mechanisms through improved financing for SMEs or greater overall bank credit flows. The data from developing nations is also consistent with favourable economic effects from foreign-owned banks, but unfavourable effects from state-owned banks.

Keywords: banks; community banking; SMEs; financial development; economic growth; international; (follow links to similar papers)

JEL-Codes: F36; G21; G28; G34; (follow links to similar papers)

53 pages, February 1, 2004

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