Research Discussion Papers, Bank of Finland
Heterogeneous information about the term structure, least-squares learning and optimal rules for inflation targeting
(), Sylvester Eijffinger
() and Mewael Tesfaselassie
Abstract: In this paper we incorporate the term structure of
interest rates into a standard inflation forecast targeting framework.
Learning about the transmission process of monetary policy is introduced by
having heterogeneous agents – ie central bank and private agents – who have
different information sets about the future sequence of short-term interest
rates. We analyse inflation forecast targeting in two environments. One in
which the central bank has perfect knowledge, in the sense that it
understands and observes the process by which private sector interest rate
expectations are generated, and one in which the central bank has imperfect
knowledge. In the case of imperfect knowledge, the central bank has to
learn about private sector interest rate expectations, as the latter affect
the impact of monetary policy through the expectations theory of the term
structure of interest rates. Here, following Evans and Honkapohja (2001),
the learning scheme we investigate is that of least-squares learning
(recursive OLS) using the Kalman filter. We find that optimal monetary
policy under learning is a policy that separates estimation and control.
Therefore, this model suggests that the practical relevance of the
breakdown of the separation principle and the need for experimentation in
policy may be limited.
Keywords: learning; rational expectations; separation principle; Kalman filter; term structure of interest rates; (follow links to similar papers)
JEL-Codes: C53; E43; E52; F33; (follow links to similar papers)
53 pages, October 13, 2004
Before downloading any of the electronic versions below
you should read our statement on
for viewing Postscript files and the
Acrobat Reader for viewing and printing pdf files.
Full text versions of the paper:
Questions (including download problems) about the papers in this series should be directed to Minna Nyman ()
Report other problems with accessing this service to Sune Karlsson ()
or Helena Lundin ().
Design by Joachim Ekebom