KTH/CESIS Working Paper Series in Economics and Institutions of Innovation
The Location of Industry R&D and the Location of University R&D - How are They related?
() and Martin Andersson
Abstract: During the years, a large number of formal studies have
presented evidences of a positive impact of university R&D on firm
performance in general and on the location of industrial R&D, in
particular. The question is does it also work the other way around? Does
industrial R&D function as an attractor for university R&D? What are the
behavioural relationships between industrial R&D and university R&D and
vice versa? The fact that knowledge flows seem to be spatially bounded
implies that proximity matters for the relationships between industrial and
university R&D. We argue that spatial proximity should be measured using
accessibility measures. Furthermore, accessibility measures can be used to
model interaction opportunities at different spatial scales: local,
intra-regional and inter-regional. Against this background, the purpose of
this paper is to analyse the locational relationship between industry R&D
and university R&D in Sweden using a simultaneous equation approach. Our
results indicate that the location of industrial R&D is quite sensitive to
the location of university R&D, and that the location of university R&D is
sensitive to the location of industrial R&D. However, the latter result is
achieved only when we take away one outlier in the data.
Keywords: R&D; Industry; University; Accessibility; Location; (follow links to similar papers)
JEL-Codes: C30; H50; I23; L10; O30; R10; (follow links to similar papers)
29 pages, October 18, 2005
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