Scandinavian Working Papers in Economics
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CESIS - Centre of Excellence for Science and Innovation Studies, Royal Institute of Technology KTH/CESIS Working Paper Series in Economics and Institutions of Innovation

No 99:
Productivity and International Trade - firm-level evidence from a small open economy

Martin Andersson (), Sara Johansson () and Hans Lööf ()

Abstract: This paper presents a comprehensive description and analysis of the international trading activities of firms based on novel detailed Swedish data. As a small open economy with a limited domestic market, Sweden constitutes an interesting contrast to existing evidence. We show that much of the stylized facts from large countries (specifically the US) about firms’ participation in international trade also pertain to a small open economy. We provide robust evidence of selection operating from market to market which is consistent with that low productive firms are confined to markets with low productivity thresholds. We further show that selection also applies to number of products traded. Both export and import productivity premiums increase in number of markets and number of products traded, respectively. There is a substantial heterogeneity among exporters and importers in terms of the number of markets they trade with and in terms of the number of products they trade.

Keywords: international trade; exports; imports; firm heterogeneity; productivity; import premium; export premium; (follow links to similar papers)

JEL-Codes: D21; D24; F14; F23; (follow links to similar papers)

33 pages, October 3, 2007

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This paper is published as:
Andersson, Martin, Hans Lööf and Sara Johansson, (2008), 'Productivity and International Trade - firm-level evidence from a small open economy', Review of World Economics, Vol. 144, No. 4, pages 774-801

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