KTH/CESIS Working Paper Series in Economics and Institutions of Innovation
Research Institutes in Germany: Basic and Applied Science institutionalized?
Abstract: The organization of post-war science has taken distinctly
different paths in different countries, based on historical rationales,
national funding patterns and institutional structure. The German Max
Planck-Society is a research-only network of basic research institutes
whose organization and establishment relies heavily on the high valuation
of basic research, as well as principles of separation of basic and applied
science and ideals of independent research. The paper investigates the
historical roots and organizational character of this scientific milieu.
Also, the separation between the Max Planck-Society and the more
industrially orientated Franuhofer institutes is discussed and problemized.
One conclusions is that in spite distinctly different roles in the German
research landscape, separating basic from applied research, the two
organization both stresses their usefulness and contribution to the “common
good” in official presentations.
Keywords: Research institutes; basic research; applied research; Max Planck Society; Fraunhofer Society; Germany; Research policy; (follow links to similar papers)
JEL-Codes: O00; (follow links to similar papers)
25 pages, August 25, 2010
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