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CESIS - Centre of Excellence for Science and Innovation Studies, Royal Institute of Technology KTH/CESIS Working Paper Series in Economics and Institutions of Innovation

No 291:
Is innovative firm behavior correlated with age and gender composition of the workforce? Evidence from a new type of data for German enterprises

Christian Pfeifer () and Joachim Wagner ()

Abstract: This empirical research note documents the relationship between composition of a firm's workforce (with a special focus on age and gender) and its performance with respect to innovative activities (outlays and employment in research and development (R&D)) for a large representative sample of enterprises from manufacturing industries in Germany using unique newly available data. We find that firms with a higher share of older workers have significantly lower proportions of R&D outlays in total revenues and of R&D employment in total employment, whereas firms with a higher share of female employment seem to be more active in R&D.

Keywords: Ageing; firm performance; gender; Germany; innovation; R&D; (follow links to similar papers)

JEL-Codes: D22; D24; J21; J24; L25; (follow links to similar papers)

14 pages, December 6, 2012

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