KTH/CESIS Working Paper Series in Economics and Institutions of Innovation
Determinants of entrepreneurship. Is it all about the individual or the region?
() and Charlie Karlsson
Abstract: It is well established at whatever spatial level studied
that economic actors exhibit a strong tendency to cluster. Despite this
fact many explanations to entrepreneurship only considers the personal
characteristics of entrepreneurs. This is certainly not a satisfactory
state-of-the-art. It is obvious that the influence of spatial factors must
be considered carefully. In this pa¬per we illustrate empirically that
variations in the rate of entrepreneurship are explained not only in terms
of characteristics of entrepreneurs, such as education, sector of
employment, occupation, experience and income but also by the
characteristics of i) the localities where they worked before they became
entrepreneurs, ii) the localities where they currently started their firm
and iii) the regions where these localities are situated. The
characteristics of locali¬ties include size, population density, firm
density and type of locality (metropolitan, urban, semi-rural or rural).
The estimations use a multi-level approach to decipher the how much of the
variance that can be explained by the different levels (individual,
locality and region). The data used in this study is micro-level data for
Sweden provided by Statistics Sweden.
Keywords: entrepreneurship; individual attributes; regional attributes; networks; micro-level; multi-level; (follow links to similar papers)
JEL-Codes: C21; J24; L26; R12; (follow links to similar papers)
24 pages, December 17, 2013
Before downloading any of the electronic versions below
you should read our statement on
for viewing Postscript files and the
Acrobat Reader for viewing and printing pdf files.
Full text versions of the paper:
Questions (including download problems) about the papers in this series should be directed to Vardan Hovsepyan ()
Report other problems with accessing this service to Sune Karlsson ()
or Helena Lundin ().
Design by Joachim Ekebom