KTH/CESIS Working Paper Series in Economics and Institutions of Innovation
Innovation and firm collaboration: An exploration of survey data.
() and Sara Johansson
Abstract: Recent literature on firm innovation emphasize the
importance of combinations of different knowledge sources in innovation
processes. Moreover, the literature on firm collaboration has evolved
stepwise: (1) knowledge networks tend to be geographically bounded, and (2)
proximity in other dimensions than physical distance, such as cognitive and
organisational proximity, may influence the evolution and influences of
networks. The results from this empirical study support these ideas by
indicating that firms’ probability to innovate is enhanced when they
collaborate. However, not all types of collaborations are as important. By
using data from a survey on innovation and collaboration of 636 firms in
the county of Jönköping, Sweden, we find that extra-regional collaboration
matters the most for the innovation performance of these firms. Moreover,
collaborations tend to be most favourable for innovation when the
collaborators involved has some organisational or cognitive proximity.
Collaborations that imply vertical linkages in the value added chain appear
to more important than horizontal linkages.
Keywords: Innovation; innovation networks; innovation survey; proximity; firm collaboration; (follow links to similar papers)
JEL-Codes: C83; O31; R10; (follow links to similar papers)
24 pages, November 7, 2014
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