Working papers in Transport Economics
Peak Car for urban Swedish men?
() and Maria Börjesson
Abstract: We study long-term trends in regional car travel demand
within and across socio-demographic groups in Sweden, using cross-sectional
data from National Travel Surveys, spanning the period from 1978 to 2011.
We find that the reduction in per-adult driving in Sweden mainly occurs
among urban men. Urban men of all income groups reduced their driving for
both commuting and non-commuting trips in conjunction with rising gasoline
prices, which may have contributed to this development. We find that
driving among those socio-demographic groups, who have better opportunities
to reduce their driving, and driving for discretionary rather than commute
purposes is being reduced over time. Sweden is ranked among the most
gender-equal countries in the world; yet we find a substantial remaining
gender gap in the share of adults driving a car on an average day, even
when controlling for other socio-economic differences.
Keywords: Travel behavior; Peak car; GDP elasticity; Fuel price elasticity; Car use; (follow links to similar papers)
JEL-Codes: R40; (follow links to similar papers)
20 pages, April 30, 2015
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