Scandinavian Working Papers in Economics
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European Instiute of Japanese Studies, Stockholm School of Economics EIJS Working Papers Series

No 152:
Educational Reforms & Challenges in Southeast Asia

Fredrik Sjöholm ()

Abstract: Southeast Asia’s traditional export of relatively low-skilled products is facing increased competition. There is therefore a general need to upgrade production in the region, which requires a more skilled and educated labour force. Historically, education has not been emphasized in Southeast Asia but there are indications that this is about to change. This paper starts with a general discussion on the educational situation and changes in the region. It continues with a close look at three ASEAN countries – Indonesia, Malaysia, and Singapore – with special focus on some of the obstacles for reforms, such as financial and political constraints, that are present in these countries.

Keywords: Education; Southeast Asia; Structural Change; Economic Crisis; (follow links to similar papers)

JEL-Codes: I20; I28; O15; (follow links to similar papers)

30 pages, October 11, 2002

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This paper is published as:
Sjöholm, Fredrik, (2005), 'Educational Reforms & Challenges in Southeast Asia' in Sjöholm, Fredrik and Jose Tongzon (eds.) Institutional Change in Southeast Asia, chapter 2, Routledge, ISBN 0-415--33871-9.

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