EIJS Working Papers Series
ETHNIC MINORITIES AND RURAL POVERTY IN LAO PDR
Abstract: Ethnic minorities have a significantly higher poverty
incidence than the majority in Lao PDR. Based on survey data the
determinants of minority poverty are analyzed, the sources of inequality
decomposed, and the expected impact of polices to address minority poverty
estimated. Minority poverty is found to be due to limited access to
resources, while minority resource use tends to be efficient. Yet, large
differences in resource use between the minority groups are found.
Decomposition shows that unequal access to resources and demographic
variables largely explain the majority-minority poverty gap. A strategy for
alleviating minority poverty in the Lao PDR is suggested: (1) broad
policies covering education, infrastructure and agricultural development
can address poverty among ethnic minorities; (2) policies should be
tailored to the needs of the individual minority groups.
Keywords: Lao PDR; Laos; poverty; ethnic minorities; (follow links to similar papers)
JEL-Codes: I32; J15; O12; O53; (follow links to similar papers)
30 pages, April 1, 2007
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