EIJS Working Papers Series
POVERTY AND LAND POLICY IN CAMBODIA
() and Ari Kokko
Abstract: Slow agricultural development has restrained economic
growth and poverty alleviation in Cambodia. The country's volatile history
has left a legacy of weak tenure security and large areas of underutilized
land. This study estimates the impact of access to land on poverty in a
logistic regression framework using household survey data. Increased access
to land is shown to significantly lower the risk of household poverty.
Tenure security, land improvements and irrigation strengthens this effect.
Simulations of the potential impact of a land reform package predicts a 16
percentage points fall in poverty incidence among landowning rural
households and a 30-point fall when targeting the landless. The analysis
suggests that improved tenure security should be at the top of the policy
agenda. Given political and economic constraints, implementation of reforms
remains a key challenge.
Keywords: Cambodia; Economic Development; Poverty; Property Rights; Land Reform; (follow links to similar papers)
JEL-Codes: I32; O12; O53; Q12; Q15; (follow links to similar papers)
29 pages, June 1, 2007
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