S-WoPEc
 
Scandinavian Working Papers in Economics
HomeAboutSeriesSubject/JEL codesAdvanced Search
European Instiute of Japanese Studies, Stockholm School of Economics EIJS Working Papers Series

No 235:
THE WELFARE STATE: VIETNAMESE DEVELOPMENT AND SWEDISH EXPERIENCES

Ari Kokko () and Patrik Gustavsson Tingvall ()

Abstract: The purpose of this paper is to track the development of three components of the Vietnamese welfare state since the introduction of market-oriented economic reforms in the late 1980s: education, health, and social insurance. This is done with reference to Sweden's historical experiences of economic and social development. While Vietnam has achieved remarkable success in both the education and health sectors, with increasing literacy rates, school enrolment rates, and improving health indicators, it is clear that the Vietnamese welfare state is fragmented. Access to social services and social security varies across social groups and geographical regions, and some parts of society are becoming marginalized, in the sense that they -and their children- have limited possibilities to improve their living standards, or to benefit from the general development of the Vietnamese society. On the basis of Swedish experiences, the authors argue for gradually increased investments in the social sectors and a stronger focus on universal rather than means-tested benefits, and provide some more specific suggestions for reforms in education, health, and social insurance.

Keywords: Vietnam; economic reforms; education; health care; social insurance; (follow links to similar papers)

JEL-Codes: H55; I18; I28; I38; O10; (follow links to similar papers)

49 pages, June 1, 2007

Before downloading any of the electronic versions below you should read our statement on copyright.
Download GhostScript for viewing Postscript files and the Acrobat Reader for viewing and printing pdf files.

Full text versions of the paper:

eijswp0235.pdf    PDF-file (258kB) 
Download Statistics

Questions (including download problems) about the papers in this series should be directed to Nanhee Lee ()
Report other problems with accessing this service to Sune Karlsson () or Helena Lundin ().

Programing by
Design by Joachim Ekebom

Handle: RePEc:hhs:eijswp:0235 This page was generated on 2015-05-27 22:01:43