EIJS Working Papers Series
THE WELFARE STATE: VIETNAMESE DEVELOPMENT AND SWEDISH EXPERIENCES
() and Patrik Gustavsson Tingvall
Abstract: The purpose of this paper is to track the development of
three components of the Vietnamese welfare state since the introduction of
market-oriented economic reforms in the late 1980s: education, health, and
social insurance. This is done with reference to Sweden's historical
experiences of economic and social development. While Vietnam has achieved
remarkable success in both the education and health sectors, with
increasing literacy rates, school enrolment rates, and improving health
indicators, it is clear that the Vietnamese welfare state is fragmented.
Access to social services and social security varies across social groups
and geographical regions, and some parts of society are becoming
marginalized, in the sense that they -and their children- have limited
possibilities to improve their living standards, or to benefit from the
general development of the Vietnamese society. On the basis of Swedish
experiences, the authors argue for gradually increased investments in the
social sectors and a stronger focus on universal rather than means-tested
benefits, and provide some more specific suggestions for reforms in
education, health, and social insurance.
Keywords: Vietnam; economic reforms; education; health care; social insurance; (follow links to similar papers)
JEL-Codes: H55; I18; I28; I38; O10; (follow links to similar papers)
49 pages, June 1, 2007
Before downloading any of the electronic versions below
you should read our statement on
for viewing Postscript files and the
Acrobat Reader for viewing and printing pdf files.
Full text versions of the paper:
Questions (including download problems) about the papers in this series should be directed to Nanhee Lee ()
Report other problems with accessing this service to Sune Karlsson ()
or Helena Lundin ().
Design by Joachim Ekebom