Working Paper Series, FIEF - Trade Union Institute for Economic Research
Nan Nan Lundin
Has Import Disciplined Swedish Manufacturing Firms in the 1990s?
Abstract: This paper analyses how increased integration and the
ongoing enlargement of European Unionís internal market affected the
performance of Swedish manufacturing firms. The pro-competitive effect of
international trade, in terms of intensified import competition on domestic
firmsí market power, has been investigated extensively at industry level.
In contrast to previous studies, this analysis is based on detailed
firm-level information. Import data are divided into an EU member group and
a group of recently proved EU member candidates. It focuses on how imports
from these groups, together with imports from other non-European trading
partners, impact on firm profitability, while taking firm-specific
efficiency effects into account. The findings are that import from the new
EU-candidates seems to have a substantial disciplinary effect on Swedish
firm profits, whereas import from EU-member countries only appears to have
an impact on firms with large market shares and in highly concentrated
Keywords: Import discipline; Market structure; Market share; Firm-level efficiency; (follow links to similar papers)
JEL-Codes: F12; F15; L13; L60; (follow links to similar papers)
25 pages, December 2, 2003
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