Göteborg Papers in Economic History
Tariff protection in Sweden 1885–1914
Abstract: This paper presents disaggregated estimates of nominal and
effective rates of tariff protection for Sweden 1885–1914. In a
methodological part of the article I argue that the proper way to measure
tariff protection is an output weighted average of tariff rates for a
representative sample of commodities. In the empirical part of the paper, I
show that Swedish tariff protection increased substantially in the period
even though tariff income as a proportion of total imports decreased
slightly. This seeming contradiction is explained by the restructuring of
Swedish imports that took place in the period under review; the share in
imports of highly protected consumer goods declined while the share of
capital goods with lower protection rates and duty free raw materials and
input goods increased. The result stands in contradiction to some recent
views expressed in the international literature.
Keywords: Economic History; Industrialisation; Industrial Policy; Trade Policy; Protectionism; (follow links to similar papers)
JEL-Codes: F13; N43; (follow links to similar papers)
33 pages, May 3, 2005
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- This paper is forthcoming as:
Bohlin, Jan, 'Tariff protection in Sweden 1885–1914', Scandinavian Economic History Review.
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