Working Papers in Economics
Biogeography and Long-Run Economic Development
() and Douglas A. Hibbs Jr.
Abstract: The transition from a hunter-gather economy to
agricultural production, which made possible the endogenous technological
progress that ultimately led to the industrial revolution, is one of the
most important events in the thousands of years of humankind’s economic
development. In this paper we present theory and evidence showing that
exogenous geography and initial condition biogeography exerted decisive
influence on the location and timing of transitions to sedentary
agriculture, to complex social organization and, eventually, to modern
industrial production. Evidence from a large cross-section of countries
indicates that the effects of geographic and biogeographic endowments on
contemporary levels of economic development are remarkably strong.
Keywords: Geography biogeography and growth; Economic development; Agricultural revolution; Institutions and growth; Plants animals and growth; (follow links to similar papers)
JEL-Codes: N10; N50; O10; O41; (follow links to similar papers)
44 pages, June 19, 2000, Revised August 11, 2000
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- This paper is published as:
Olsson, Ola and Douglas A. Hibbs Jr., (2005), 'Biogeography and Long-Run Economic Development', European Economic Review, Vol. 49, pages 909-938
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