S-WoPEc
 
Scandinavian Working Papers in Economics
HomeAboutSeriesSubject/JEL codesAdvanced Search
Department of Economics, School of Business, Economics and Law, University of Gothenburg Working Papers in Economics

No 303:
Firm Productivity and Exports: Evidence from Ethiopian manufacturing

Arne Bigsten () and Mulu Gebreeyesus ()

Abstract: This paper examines the causal relationship between exporting and productivity using a ten years long plant-level panel data set from an annual census of Ethiopian manufacturing, rarely available in the sub-Saharan Africa. We exploited its length to trace the trajectory of TFP and other productivity measures of groups of firms classified by their export history. We then tested learning-by-exporting using a one-step system-GMM approach with the export-status included directly in the production function. We addressed potential endogeneity problems by using instrumental variables, and also applied a matching analysis to address potential selection bias. We found strong evidence of not only self-selection but also learning-by-exporting. Depending on the specification previous exporting appears to have shifted the production function by 15-32 %. Exporters had on average three times more employees, and paid 1.6 times higher average wage than those of non-exporters.

Keywords: Productivity; exports; Ethiopia; manufacturing; (follow links to similar papers)

JEL-Codes: D21; F14; L60; O14; (follow links to similar papers)

31 pages, April 30, 2008

Before downloading any of the electronic versions below you should read our statement on copyright.
Download GhostScript for viewing Postscript files and the Acrobat Reader for viewing and printing pdf files.

Full text versions of the paper:

10037    HTML file
Download Statistics

Questions (including download problems) about the papers in this series should be directed to Marie Andersson ()
Report other problems with accessing this service to Sune Karlsson () or Helena Lundin ().

Programing by
Design by Joachim Ekebom

Handle: RePEc:hhs:gunwpe:0303 This page was generated on 2014-12-14 19:22:30