Scandinavian Working Papers in Economics
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The Economic Research Institute, Stockholm School of Economics SSE/EFI Working Paper Series in Economics and Finance

No 127:
Exchange Rate Uncertainty and the Microeconomic Benefits of EMU

Richard Friberg () and Anders Vredin ()

Abstract: This paper attempts to review the argument that EMU leads to benefits from lower exchange rate uncertainty. Two questions are addressed. First, there is the microeconomic question of how exchange rate uncertainty affects firms. Second, there is the macroeconomic question of how EMU will be beneficial for Swedish firms: firms can adjust to exchange rate uncertainty, for instance by pricing-to-market; exchange rate changes may work as "automatic stabilizers"; there is no strong empirical evidence that trading partners, like the U.S., the U.K. and Denmark, are not likely to participate in the monetary union in the near future. For EMU speak the facts that exchange rate uncertainty stems from policy uncertainty, which may be lower inside EMU; that EMU may lower protectionist pressures; and, in particular, that it is very hard for firms ot hedge against total economic exchange rate risk (as opposed to mere transaction risk).

Keywords: Exchange rate uncertainty; EMU; exchange rate exposure; (follow links to similar papers)

JEL-Codes: F20; F33; (follow links to similar papers)

57 pages, September 1996

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This paper is forthcoming as:
Friberg, Richard and Anders Vredin, 'Exchange Rate Uncertainty and the Microeconomic Benefits of EMU', Swedish Economic Policy Review.

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