Scandinavian Working Papers in Economics
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The Economic Research Institute, Stockholm School of Economics SSE/EFI Working Paper Series in Economics and Finance

No 165:
Discrete Time Hedging of OTC Options in a GARCH Environment: A Simulation Experiment

Gustaf E. Hagerud

Abstract: This paper examines the effect of using Black and Scholes formula for pricing and hedging options in a discrete time heteroskedastic environment. This is done by a simulation procedure where asset returns are generated from a GARCH (1,1)-t model. In the simulation a hypothetical trader writes an option and then delta- hedges his position until the option expires. It is shown that the variance of the returns on the hedged position is considerably higher in a GARCH (1,1) environment than in a homoskedastic environment. The variance of returns depends greatly on the level of kurtosis in the returns process and on the first-order autocorrelation in centered and squared returns.

Keywords: GARCH; option pricing; Black and Scholes formula; Monte Carlo experiment; (follow links to similar papers)

JEL-Codes: C15; C22; (follow links to similar papers)

22 pages, March 1997

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