SSE/EFI Working Paper Series in Economics and Finance
On Gender Inequality and Life Satisfaction: Does Discrimination Matter?
(), Axel Dreher
() and Justina AV Fischer
Abstract: This paper analyzes the impact of gender discrimination on
individual life satisfaction using a cross-section of 66 countries. We
employ measures of discrimination of women in the economy, in politics, and
in society more generally. According to our results, discrimination in
politics is important to individual well-being. Overall, men and women are
more satisfied with their lives when societies become more equal.
Disaggregated analysis suggests that our results for men are driven by the
effect of equality on men with middle and high incomes, and those on the
political left. To the contrary, women are more satisfied with increasing
equality independent of income and political ideology. Equality in economic
and family matters does overall not affect life satisfaction. However,
women are more satisfied with their lives when discriminatory practices
have been less prevalent in the economy 20 years ago.
Keywords: Gender gap; happiness; well-being; discrimination; life satisfaction; (follow links to similar papers)
JEL-Codes: I31; J16; (follow links to similar papers)
27 pages, April 8, 2007
Final version, submitted
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