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No 23:
Congestion Charges in Stockholm: How Have They Affected Retail Revenues?

Sven-Olov Daunfeldt, Niklas Rudholm () and Ulf Rämme

Abstract: Did the introduction of congestion charges in Stockholm city reduce retail revenues? Data from 20 shopping malls - 8 within the toll area, and 12 outside the tool area - and from a sample of retail stores located along the main shopping streets was analyzed using an intervention- control approach. Favorable outcomes, such as reduced traffic, less emissions of carbon-dioxide, and perceived improvements in air quality and accessibility, do not seem to have been offset by reduced revenues for retailers located within the toll area.

Keywords: Road toll; congestion fee; congestion charge; retail revenues; retail profits; (follow links to similar papers)

JEL-Codes: D12; H31; L81; (follow links to similar papers)

17 pages, November 1, 2009

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This paper is published as:
Daunfeldt, Sven-Olov, Niklas Rudholm and Ulf Rämme, (2013), 'Congestion Charges in Stockholm: How Have They Affected Retail Revenues?', Transportmetrica, Vol. 9, March, No. 3, pages 259-268



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