HUI Working Papers, HUI Research
Johanna Åström and Olle Westerlund
Sex and Migration: Who is the Tied Mover?
Abstract: We study the effects of interregional migration on
two-earner household gross earnings as well as on the relative income
between married and cohabiting couples. In particular, we examine the link
between education level and income gains. The empirical analysis is based
on longitudinal data from Sweden as well as on functional regional labour
markets that operate as regional entities. Using difference-in-differences
propensity score matching, we find that migration increases total gross
household earnings and has no significant impact on the male/female
earnings gap. We find that pre-migration education level is a key
determinant of migration and economic outcomes and is also a determinant of
the effect of migration on income distribution within the household. The
positive average effect on household earnings is largely explained by
income gains among highly-educated males. Females generally experience no
significant income gain from migration in absolute terms. Females gain
significantly in relative income only if they are highly educated and
married or cohabitating with a lower-educated male.
Keywords: Regional migration; labor mobility; two earner households; (follow links to similar papers)
JEL-Codes: D10; J61; (follow links to similar papers)
26 pages, July 8, 2011
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