Scandinavian Working Papers in Economics
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No 111:
The effects of taxing truck distance on CO2 emissions from transports in retailing

Kenneth Carling, Johan Håkansson (), Xiangli Meng and Niklas Rudholm ()

Abstract: To finance transportation infrastructure and to address social and environmental negative externalities of road transports, several countries have recently introduced or consider a distance based tax on trucks. In the competitive retail market such tax can be expected to lower the demand and thereby reduce CO2 emissions of road transports. However, as we show in this paper, such tax might also slow down the transition towards e-tailing. Considering that previous research indicates that a consumer switching from brick-and-mortar shopping to e-tailing reduces her CO2 emissions substantially, the direction and magnitude of the environmental net effect of the tax is unclear. In this paper, we assess the net effect in a Swedish regional retail market where the tax not yet is in place. We predict the net effect on CO2 emissions to be positive, but off-set by about 50% because of a slower transition to e-tailing.

Keywords: spatial distribution of e-tailing and consumers; CO2 emissions measurement; online retailing; environmental taxes; carbon footprint; road network; (follow links to similar papers)

JEL-Codes: D22; L13; L81; R12; (follow links to similar papers)

15 pages, June 15, 2015

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