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IFAU - Institute for Evaluation of Labour Market and Education Policy Working Paper Series
IFAU - Institute for Evaluation of Labour Market and Education Policy

No 2007:6:
Teacher certification and student achievement in Swedish compulsory schools

Christian Andersson and Nina Waldenström ()

Abstract: This study examines how the teaching staff composition with respect to certification affects student achievement in compulsory Swedish schools. The share of non-certified teachers in compulsory schooling has increased dramatically during the last decade, starting a large debate about school quality. We apply an instrumental variable approach to estimate the causal effect of the percentage of non-certified teachers on student achievement. We find, in our preferred specification, that a one percentage point increase in the share of non-certified teachers is expected to decrease the average student’s GPA ranking with about 0.6 units. A substantial effect if one considers the large differences in certification rate that do exist between schools and municipalities. The effect also appears to be stronger for students with highly educated parents

Keywords: Teacher certification; teacher quality; student achievement; instrumental variable; (follow links to similar papers)

JEL-Codes: I21; (follow links to similar papers)

33 pages, February 20, 2007

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This paper is published as:
Andersson, Christian and Nina Waldenström, (2011), 'Do you want your child to have a certified teacher?', Economics of Education Review, Vol. 30, February, No. 1, pages 66-78



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