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IFAU - Institute for Evaluation of Labour Market and Education Policy Working Paper Series
IFAU - Institute for Evaluation of Labour Market and Education Policy

No 2007:26:
Resources and student achievement – evidence from a Swedish policy reform

Peter Fredriksson () and Björn Öckert ()

Abstract: This paper utilizes a policy change to estimate the effect of teacher density on student performance. We find that an increase in teacher density has a positive effect on student achievement. The baseline estimate – obtained by using the grade point average as the outcome variable – implies that resource increases corresponding to the class-size reduction in the STAR-experiment (i.e., a reduction of 7 students) improves performance by 2.6 percentile ranks (or 0.08 standard deviations). When we use test score data for men, potentially a more objective measure of student performance, the effect of resources appears to be twice the size of the baseline estimate.

Keywords: Student performance; teacher/student ratio; policy reform; differences-in-differences; (follow links to similar papers)

JEL-Codes: I21; I28; J24; (follow links to similar papers)

26 pages, October 19, 2007

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This paper is published as:
Fredriksson, Peter and Björn Öckert, (2008), 'Resources and student achievement – evidence from a Swedish policy reform', Scandinavian Journal of Economics, Vol. 119, No. 2, pages 277-296



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