Working Paper Series
IFAU - Institute for Evaluation of Labour Market and Education Policy
Björn Tyrefors Hinnerich
Are boys discriminated in Swedish high schools?
(), Erik Höglin
() and Magnus Johannesson
Abstract: Girls typically have higher grades than boys in school and
recent research suggests that part of this gender difference may be due to
discrimination of boys. We rigorously test this in a field experiment where
a random sample of the same tests in the Swedish language is subject to
blind and non-blind grading. The non-blind test score is on average 15 %
lower for boys than for girls. Blind grading lowers the average grades with
13 %, indicating that personal ties and/or grade inflation are important in
non-blind grading. But we find no evidence of discrimination against boys.
The point estimate of the discrimination effect is close to zero with a 95
% confidence interval of ±4.5 % of the average non-blind grade.
Keywords: Discrimination; Field experiments; Grading; Education; Gender; (follow links to similar papers)
JEL-Codes: C93; I20; J16; (follow links to similar papers)
23 pages, November 22, 2010
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