Working Paper Series
IFAU - Institute for Evaluation of Labour Market and Education Policy
Is the persistent gender gap in income and wages due to unequal family responsibilities?
(), Per Johansson
() and Erica Lindahl
Abstract: We compare the income and wage trajectories of women in
relation to their male partners before and after parenthood. Focusing on
the within-couple gap allows us to control for both observed and unobserved
attributes of the spouse and to estimate both short-and long-term effects
of entering parenthood. Our main finding is that 15 years after the first
child was born, the male-female gender gaps in income and wages have
increased with 35 and 10 percentage points, respectively. In line with a
collective labor supply model, the magnitude of these effects depends on
relative incomes or wages within the family.
Keywords: Gender gap; quantile regression; wages; (follow links to similar papers)
JEL-Codes: C21; D13; J21; (follow links to similar papers)
40 pages, January 30, 2013
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wp2013-03-Is-the-persiste ... mily-responsibilities.pdf
- This paper is forthcoming as:
Angelov, Nikolay, Per Johansson and Erica Lindahl, 'Parenthood and the Gender Gap in Pay', Journal of Labor Economics.
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