Working Paper Series
IFAU - Institute for Evaluation of Labour Market and Education Policy
Adolescent predictors of unemployment and disability pension across the life course – a longitudinal study of selection in 49 321 Swedish men
() and Tomas Hemmingsson
Abstract: Objective: This study investigated the associations of
adolescent cognitive ability, mental status and adaptability to school and
work with unemployment from youth to mid-life. It also investigated the
associations of youth unemployment with later unemployment and disability
Method: We used a cohort of 49 321 Swedish men, with
information on cognitive ability, mental status, and school and personality
characteristics in late adolescence in 1969. The information was linked to
32 years of annual administrative data to study predictors of unemployment
and disability pension.
Results: We found a strong and consistent
association between cognitive ability and risk of unemployment, which was
independent of other individual characteristics. Other notable independent
risk factors were psychiatric diagnosis, contact with police or childcare
authorities, smoking, risk use of alcohol, not being liked in school, and
having been dismissed from or having quit a job due to unfair treatment.
Unemployment before age 18 was found to be associated with unemployment
across the life course, and also with disability pension, most of which was
explained by individual characteristics.
individuals are more likely to be unemployed, and to be unem-ployed for
more than one period, due to individual characteristics, which include
cognitive ability, mental health, and labour-market related behaviour
across the life course. However, people who become unemployed in youth
have, regardless of their individual characteristics, an increased risk of
becoming unemployed again. People who experience youth unemployment are
also more likely to receive disability pension.
Keywords: Youth unemployment; scarring; mental Health; behaviour; disability pension; (follow links to similar papers)
JEL-Codes: I13; I14; J64; (follow links to similar papers)
42 pages, November 29, 2013
Before downloading any of the electronic versions below
you should read our statement on
for viewing Postscript files and the
Acrobat Reader for viewing and printing pdf files.
Full text versions of the paper:
wp-2013-25-Adolescent-pre ... cross-the-life-course.pdf
Questions (including download problems) about the papers in this series should be directed to Monica Fällgren ()
Report other problems with accessing this service to Sune Karlsson ()
or Helena Lundin ().
Design by Joachim Ekebom