Working Paper Series
IFAU - Institute for Evaluation of Labour Market and Education Policy
Childcare and the division of parental leave
Abstract: Despite several policies aimed at increasing fathers’
participation in the caring of children, Swedish mothers still use the bulk
of the paid parental leave which may have several negative consequences for
the family e.g. in terms of weaker labor market attachment for the mother.
Division of parental leave is likely affected by how parents value the
costs associated with parental leave. I investigate whether a reduction in
the care burden, or a decreased non-monetary cost, of parental leave
through the availability of childcare for older siblings affects how the
leave is divided. The effect of access to childcare is evaluated by
utilizing the regional heterogeneity of the implementation of a childcare
reform in Sweden in 2002 that gave children of parents on parental leave
with a younger sibling the right to stay in childcare. Results suggest that
availability of childcare for an older sibling during parental leave does
not impact the division of parental leave between mothers and fathers.
Keywords: Childcare; Parental leave; Gender equality; (follow links to similar papers)
JEL-Codes: H31; J13; J16; (follow links to similar papers)
54 pages, November 3, 2015
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