Scandinavian Working Papers in Economics
HomeAboutSeriesSubject/JEL codesAdvanced Search
IFAU - Institute for Evaluation of Labour Market and Education Policy Working Paper Series
IFAU - Institute for Evaluation of Labour Market and Education Policy

No 2016:18:
Born to lead? The effect of birth order on non-cognitive abilities

Sandra E. Black (), Erik Grönqvist () and Björn Öckert ()

Abstract: We study the effect of birth order on personality traits among men using population data on enlistment records and occupations for Sweden. We find that earlier born men are more persistent, socially outgoing, willing to assume responsibility, and able to take initiative than later-borns. In addition, we find that birth order affects occupational sorting; first-born children are more likely to be managers, while later-born children are more likely to be self-employed. We also find that earlier born children are more likely to be in occupations that require leadership ability, social ability and the Big Five personality traits. Finally, we find a significant role of sex composition within the family. Later-born boys suffer an additional penalty the larger the share of boys among the older siblings. When we investigate possible mechanisms, we find that the negative effects of birth order are driven by post-natal environmental factors. We also find evidence of lower parental human capital investments in later-born children.

Keywords: birth order; non-cognitive abilities; managerial skills; (follow links to similar papers)

JEL-Codes: I00; J10; (follow links to similar papers)

51 pages, November 1, 2016

Before downloading any of the electronic versions below you should read our statement on copyright.
Download GhostScript for viewing Postscript files and the Acrobat Reader for viewing and printing pdf files.

Full text versions of the paper:

wp2016-18-born-to-lead.pdf    PDF-file
Download Statistics
This paper is forthcoming as:
Black, Sandra E., Erik Grönqvist and Björn Öckert, 'Born to lead? The effect of birth order on non-cognitive abilities', Review of Economics and Statistics.

Questions (including download problems) about the papers in this series should be directed to Monica Fällgren ()
Report other problems with accessing this service to Sune Karlsson () or Helena Lundin ().

Programing by
Design by Joachim Ekebom

Handle: RePEc:hhs:ifauwp:2016_018 This page was generated on 2017-11-07 16:59:37