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IFAU - Institute for Evaluation of Labour Market and Education Policy Working Paper Series
IFAU - Institute for Evaluation of Labour Market and Education Policy

No 2016:23:
Modern family? Paternity leave and marital stability

Daniel Avdic () and Arizo Karimi ()

Abstract: We study the effects of unanticipated changes to the intra-household division of parental leave on family stability exploiting two parental leave reforms in Sweden. Using a fuzzy regression discontinuity design, we find that a decrease in the mother’s share of parental leave increases the probability of separation among couples that were married or cohabiting at the time of the reforms. Our results also suggest a lower likelihood of cohabiting couples to upgrade to marriage. Examination of reform compliers reveal that the increased separation risk is mainly driven by more traditional couples, and among couples with previous children.

Keywords: marital stability; parental leave; intra-household division; regression discontinuity; (follow links to similar papers)

JEL-Codes: C26; D13; J13; J31; (follow links to similar papers)

64 pages, December 19, 2016

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