Arbetsrapport, Institutet för Framtidsstudier - Institute for Futures Studies
What Future for Europe? New perspectives in post-industrial fertility issues.
Abstract: Europe has undergone profound changes in fertility
behaviour in the last decades. After years of falling fertility, it seems
that we have now reached a phase of stabilisation in most countries of the
European Union. However, stabilisation has occurred at very different
levels in different part of Europe. Looking for explanations for these
differences should help us to understand the underlying factors behind
fertility behaviour in post- industrial societies. Limited time being one
of the most fundamental constraints in post-industrial societies, we focus
on the opportunity cost of childbearing as the main fertility-inhibiting
factor. Therefore, particular attention is devoted to the relationship
between female paid employment and fertility and to the gender division of
work within households. The division of work between men and women seems to
be the result of a bargaining process between partners where relative
bargaining positions are defined by social norms and relative earnings.
Eventually, we argue that the relative distribution of the opportunity cost
of childbearing between genders affects fertility levels across Europe.
Keywords: Fertility levels Europe; (follow links to similar papers)
JEL-Codes: J00; (follow links to similar papers)
40 pages, June 2003
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