Arbetsrapport, Institutet för Framtidsstudier - Institute for Futures Studies
Stability or change in the Swedish Labour Market Regime?
Abstract: From the late 1970s to the early 1990s Sweden diverted
from the rest of Western Europe. The employment rate was high and
unemployment was kept very low. But in the early 1990s unemployment started
to rise also in Sweden.
In this paper the worsened situation for low
educated in general, and youth in particular, are related to two
institutional factors: a changed organisation of vocational education in
upper secondary schooling and changes in labour market policy, where
changes in vocational education is understood as a cause and changes in
labour market policy as an effect of rising obstacles for low educated. Of
course, there are several other factors that have to be considered in order
to get the full picture, but reforms in the upper secondary school system
as well as in labour market policy are of great interest as they can be
apprehended as parts of broader changes in the traditional Swedish labour
market model. Studies of changes in the Swedish model can also be seen as
part of a wider research interest concerning the effectiveness of competing
institutional models of capitalism.
It’s argued that changes in
schooling are an important factor behind increasing social marginalisation
and income dispersion. The focus is primarily on the ages between 20 and
24. Changes in upper secondary schooling are also valued in connection to
the supply of youth measures connected to labour market policy. Since the
beginning of the 1990s, there has been a huge increase of participants in
programs directed to youth. This is a direct effect of rising unemployment
and increasing troubles for those with unfinished upper secondary
education. But it’s also possible to trace changes in labour market policy
to broader institutional transformations in the Swedish labour market
model. These changes will first and foremost be analysed as an expression
of stronger segmentation forces.
Keywords: Swedish Labour Market; low educated; young adults; (follow links to similar papers)
JEL-Codes: J21; J23; J24; J62; (follow links to similar papers)
30 pages, December 12, 2005
ISSN 1652-120X ISBN 13:978-91-89655-76-8 ISBN 10: 91-89655-76-1
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