Arbetsrapport, Institutet för Framtidsstudier - Institute for Futures Studies
Competition Policy and the Swedish Model
Abstract: The aim of this paper is to present some findings from a
study on the development of competition policy in Sweden since 1945. The
comprehensive questions are about the view on knowledge in competition
policy, the trust to the Swedish model, the change of the model and what
has replaced it, and the attitudes to competition and co-operation in
politics, authorities and interest groups. The study is basically built on
government bills and directives to committees, committee reports, and
comments on the later from authorities and interest groups.
signs of the Swedish model were a consensus and co-operative attitude
towards interest conflict, with institutional arrangements aimed for
negotiations and pragmatism. This was also typical for competition policy.
During the 1990s we find a change to an EU-model. It meant a transition to
a more legalistic and theoretic view on competition.
When it comes to
attitudes they changed successively in the direction of favouring
competition before co-operation. The change was however radical when it
comes to politicians and competition authorities. Not least the later came
to argue for an “antitrust” view on competition. However, business
interests were sceptical to the new competition law copying the
Keywords: competition policy; Swedish model; (follow links to similar papers)
JEL-Codes: N00; (follow links to similar papers)
25 pages, May 2006
ISSN 1652-120X; ISBN 13: 978-91-89655-91-1; ISBN 10;91-89655-91-5
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