Arbetsrapport, Institutet för Framtidsstudier - Institute for Futures Studies
Det effektiva samhället eller det goda livet? Svenska framtidsstudier om arbetsliv och fritid från 1970- till 1990-tal.
Abstract: The study analyzes three generations of future studies on
work life and leisure, performed at the Secretariat and later the Swedish
Institute for Future Studies. The ideal types of Tore Frängsmyr, “The
efficient society” and “The good life”, are used as analytical tools. The
primary information consists of program declarations and reports from
projects in the 1970- 1980- and 1990s.
In the 1970s the original plan
to produce a final report failed, and the analyses here show that
differences in terms of the ideal types here used could explain the
failure. While in one of the reports studied, the focus is on how Sweden is
to maintain a high export ratio and a prominent position in international
competition, the two other reports are written from an explicit Marxist
perspective and discuss how the sharp split between work and leisure in
modern capitalist societies could be remedied. That is, while the first
report is focused on “The efficient society”, the two latter deal
exclusively with a version of “The good life”.
The final report from
the project of the 1980s is characterized by a reserved, but still in some
sense accepting, attitude towards the high-technological society. Utopian
thoughts of a completely different society are non-existing, but the
discussion mainly focuses on ways to make high-technological society as
tolerable as possible to humans. In terms of the here used terminology the
report can be said to deal with “The good life” within the realms of “The
In the final report from the 1990s the point of
departure is that industrial society is being replaced by a new
post-industrial one. Unlike in earlier projects here studied, the entire
discussion of driving forces behind societal development is on the
structural level. The possibilities of individuals to shape their future
seem small or non-existing. Neither are consequences at the individual
level of structural development in focus. It’s is difficult to label the
report according to the ideal types “The efficient society” and “The good
life” respectively, mainly since it aims at pure description of the
development at structural level, rather than it offers a value-based
discussion on how to shape future society.
Finally in the study the
general lack of continuity and cumulativity within future studies is
discussed, and a call is made for increased documentation and research of
the history of the field.
Keywords: futures studies; work life; leisure; 1970-1990; (follow links to similar papers)
JEL-Codes: J17; J19; (follow links to similar papers)
42 pages, June 2007
ISSN: 1652-120X; ISBN: 978-91-85619-10-8
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