Arbetsrapport, Institutet för Framtidsstudier - Institute for Futures Studies
När lanthandeln stänger. En studie av lanthandelns betydelse för flyttning in och ut och för människorna i byn.
(), Peter Möller and Erik Westholm
Abstract: In Sweden the number of rural food shops has decreased for
more than 50 years. Often the closing of a village shop is supposed to
affect the migration patterns in the area it has been serving. However,
according to this study, neither in- nor out-migration in the area affected
by the closing is affected. The deficits of migration usual in those areas
are established at least 10-12 years before the closing year. Thus, the
typical closing takes place subsequent to a long term population decline.
On the other hand, localities hosting a shop that survived during the study
period 1990-2004 have a bigger total population and show tendencies towards
decreasing deficit of migration at any potential closing year. These
statistical results are supported by interviews carried out in three
villages where the last shop has closed. They indicate that the shop has
already lost its importance as supplier when it closes. By then the village
shop is primarily used as complement to nearby towns or shopping centres.
Each of the two studies accounted for here point at a relative
un-importance of the village shop as a service point at the closing time.
However, as it often offer the last public space in the village the village
shop serves a key function as a meeting point for some households. When the
shop has closed, the village holds private homes only. That is a situation
increasing loneliness to some inhabitants.
Keywords: rural food shops; migration; population decline; (follow links to similar papers)
JEL-Codes: R10; R23; (follow links to similar papers)
61 pages, April 2009
ISSN: 1652-120X; ISBN:978-91-85619-43-6
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