Arbetsrapport, Institutet för Framtidsstudier - Institute for Futures Studies
Childbearing of students. The case of Sweden
This paper examines childbearing behaviour among
Swedish students, and mothers’ enrolment in education in the period 1984 to
1999. By means of longitu¬dinal data on individual childbearing and study
activity we detect whether the relative propensity of female students to
have a child was affected by macro level changes, such as the student
financial aid reform in 1989 and the economic recession in the early 1990s.
It also investigates whether the dramatic increase in number of students
have changed students’ childbearing patterns. Finally, couples’ higher
order birth risks are explored, as well as the influence of the parents’
student status and income on their propensity to have another child.
The results show that the reform in 1989 had no noticeable impact on
students’ childbearing behaviour or on mothers’ propensity to enrol in
education. The recession seems to have had the same negative effect on
students’ childbearing risks as it did on the population in general.
Despite the dramatic rise in enrolment the negative effect of being a
student on childbearing behaviour is stable over time. Another conclusion
is that birth risks among female students differ by age and income; the
negative effect of being a student on birth risks is much stronger among
younger age groups. Among younger students, the propensity to have a child
also seems to be slightly more dependent on level of income. Couple data
showed that couples where the mother is a student show a lower propensity
to have another child, while – more surprising– couples, where the father
is a student, have a much higher propensity to have a second or a third
child than other couples.
Keywords: childbearing behaviour; Swedish students; female students; birth risks; parents' student status; financial aid reform; (follow links to similar papers)
JEL-Codes: I12; I22; J12; J13; (follow links to similar papers)
38 pages, May 13, 2009
ISSN: 1652-120X; ISBN: 978-91-85619-45-0
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