Arbetsrapport, Institutet för Framtidsstudier - Institute for Futures Studies
Towards common European health policies: what are the implications for the Nordic countries?
() and Jakob Larsson
Health care is an area that remains formally outside
the competence of the EU. Despite this, the union’s influence on national
health care policies has increased substantially over the past decade. In a
series of rulings, the European Court of Justice (ECJ) established a de
facto system of patient rights, which, under certain conditions, entitle
European citizens to receive health care in other member states at the
expense of the social insurance system of their home country. This
undermines the autonomy of the member states in the area of health, a key
sector in national welfare systems. In 2008, the Commission proposed a new
directive on patients’ rights which builds directly on the ECJ rulings,
thus consolidating politically the legal precedent set by the Court. The
ECJ Court rulings have also spurred the initiation of a so-called OMC
process in the area of health care, whereby the member states commit
themselves to policy harmonization on a voluntary basis.
paper, we review the contents of emerging EU policies in the area of health
and discuss their implications for the Nordic health care systems. A
central question is whether any coherent, common European policy may be
discerned and, if so, how it will affect health care systems of the Nordic
type, which are tax-based and universalistic in orientation?
Keywords: European Union; Health care; European Court of Justice; Open Method of Coordination; (follow links to similar papers)
JEL-Codes: I11; I18; (follow links to similar papers)
35 pages, August 19, 2009
ISSN: 1652-120X; ISBN: 978-91-85619-52-8
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