Working Paper Series, Department of Industrial Economics & Strategy, Copenhagen Business School
Tina Brandt Husman
Efficiency in Inter-Organisational Learning: A Taxonomy of Knowledge Transfer Costs.
Abstract: This paper investigates the market for knowledge by
theoretically identifying the costs associated with transferring knowledge
between two firms. An argument is put forward that inter-organisational
knowledge transfer involves cognitive and incentive related costs.
Determinants of knowledge transfer costs should be found in the
institutional arrangement and institutional environment of a knowledge
transfer. Cognitive costs arise if the firmsí knowledge transfer abilities,
that is, their absorptive and transmissive capacities, are low. Incentive
related costs arise because of determinants in the institutional
arrangement and environment, but are also outcomes of firmsí different ways
of solving cognitive problems. Understanding and trust is crucial for
successful knowledge transfer relations. Firms can seek to promote
understanding and trust in their institutional arrangement, whereas they
have little influence on the environment.
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