Working Paper Series, Department of Industrial Economics & Strategy, Copenhagen Business School
“Tacit Knowledge” versus “Explicit Knowledge” Approaches to Knowledge Management Practice
Abstract: This paper explains two fundamental approaches to
knowledge management. The tacit knowledge approach emphasizes understanding
the kinds of knowledge that individuals in an organization have, moving
people to transfer knowledge within an organization, and managing key
individuals as knowledge creators and carriers. By contrast, the explicit
knowledge approach emphasizes processes for articulating knowledge held by
individuals, the design of organizational approaches for creating new
knowledge, and the development of systems (including information systems)
to disseminate articulated knowledge within an organization. The relative
advantages and disadvantages of both approaches to knowledge management are
summarized. A synthesis of tacit and knowledge management approaches is
recommended to create a hybrid design for the knowledge management
practices in a given organization.
JEL-Codes: M00; (follow links to similar papers)
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