S-WoPEc
 
Scandinavian Working Papers in Economics
HomeAboutSeriesSubject/JEL codesAdvanced Search
Research Institute of Industrial Economics (IFN) Working Paper Series

No 154:
International Competition, Productivity Change and the Organisation of Production

Gunnar Eliasson

Abstract: The modern manufacturing firm competes with product quality improvements rather than cost efficient production of simpler products. R&D spending, marketing, availability of spare parts and service facilities, customs designs, etc. embody the product quality enhancing process, requiring considerable knowledge transfer and making information processing in a broad sense a major manufacturing activity. We can talk of a shift from a base in cost efficient processing to a product technology base, in which producers grow closer to their customers through internalizing part of the market process previously handled by independent traders. The important competition parameters are product innovations, which account for the bulk of measured R&D spending and marketing. In European firms, and in European firms based in small but advanced industrial countries in particular, the latter make up the bulk of foreign activities. Foreign activities are sizeable compared to the entire domestic manufacturing sector in countries like the Netherlands, Sweden and Switzerland. Marketing through foreign establishment is a product quality raising factor, but also a means of climbing trade barriers.

Keywords: Product quality; R&D; globalisation; firm specific knowledge; micro-to-macro model; (follow links to similar papers)

JEL-Codes: D21; D24; F60; L20; (follow links to similar papers)

46 pages, January 1986

Before downloading any of the electronic versions below you should read our statement on copyright.
Download GhostScript for viewing Postscript files and the Acrobat Reader for viewing and printing pdf files.

Full text versions of the paper:

wp154.pdf    PDF-file
Download Statistics

Questions (including download problems) about the papers in this series should be directed to Elisabeth Gustafsson ()
Report other problems with accessing this service to Sune Karlsson () or Helena Lundin ().

Programing by
Design by Joachim Ekebom

Handle: RePEc:hhs:iuiwop:0154 This page was generated on 2014-12-14 19:23:51