Scandinavian Working Papers in Economics
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Research Institute of Industrial Economics (IFN) Working Paper Series

No 522:
Does Foreign Direct Investment Replace Home Country Investment? The Effect of European Integration on the Location of Swedish Investment

Pontus Braunerhjelm and Lars Oxelheim ()

Abstract: The purpose of this paper is to examine the effects of European integration on the location of investments by Swedish multinational corporations (MNCs). Evidence is presented about the extent to which European integration has attracted investment by Swedish MNCs, and whether foreign direct investment is being undertaken at the expense of home country investment. In the empirical analysis, involving both OLS and iterative SUR techniques, a significant difference across industries has been confirmed. A substitutionary relationship between foreign and home country investment is found for more R&D-intensive production, whereas the opposite pattern seems to prevail for production based on traditional comparative advantage. The results of this study emphasize the importance of using disaggregated industry-level data when analysing the effects of foreign direct investment on home country investment.

Keywords: Foreign direct investment; Home country investment; regional integration; Substitutionary; Schumpeterian; (follow links to similar papers)

JEL-Codes: F12; F23; (follow links to similar papers)

29 pages, October 15, 1999

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This paper is published as:
Braunerhjelm, Pontus and Lars Oxelheim, (2000), 'Does Foreign Direct Investment Replace Home Country Investment? The Effect of European Integration on the Location of Swedish Investment', Journal of Common Market Studies, Vol. 38, June, No. 2, pages 199-221

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