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Research Institute of Industrial Economics (IFN) Working Paper Series

No 580:
The Gains from Pension Reform

Assar Lindbeck () and Mats Persson ()

Abstract: We characterize pension systems along three dimensions: 1) actuarial vs. non-actuarial, 2) funded vs. pay-as-you-go, 3) defined-contribution vs. defined-benefit. Increasing the degree of actuarial fairness, by strengthening the linkage between contributions and benefits, reduces labor market distortions and may increase welfare in a Pareto-efficiency sense. Increasing the degree of funding implies mainly a redistribution of income among generations, although a partial shift to funding also provides better risk-return combinations for individuals. Shifting from defined-benefit to defined-contribution schemes (with fixed contribution rates) shifts the income risk from workers and taxpayers to pensioners.

Keywords: Social security; Funding; (follow links to similar papers)

JEL-Codes: H55; (follow links to similar papers)

65 pages, May 27, 2002

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