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Research Institute of Industrial Economics (IFN) Working Paper Series

No 589:
Ethnic Diversity and Civil War

Thomas P. Tangerås () and Nils-Petter Lagerlöf

Abstract: We construct a model in which a number of equally powerful ethnic groups compete for power by engaging in civil war. In non-redistributive equilibrium, ethnically homogeneous and ethnically diverse countries face a lower probability of civil war than countries with a moderate degree of ethnic diversity. The likelihood of conflict is maximized when there are two ethnic groups. When rent-extraction possibilities are not too big and society sufficiently ethnically homogeneous, there also exists a pacific equilibrium path sustained by redistribution from the ruling group to the out-of-power groups.

Keywords: Civil War; Ethnic Diversity; Redistribution; Dynamic Game; (follow links to similar papers)

JEL-Codes: H56; J15; K42; N40; N47; (follow links to similar papers)

33 pages, October 14, 2002

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