S-WoPEc
 
Scandinavian Working Papers in Economics
HomeAboutSeriesSubject/JEL codesAdvanced Search
Research Institute of Industrial Economics (IFN) Working Paper Series

No 721:
The Long-run Determinants of Inequality: What Can We Learn from Top Income Data?

Jesper Roine (), Jonas Vlachos () and Daniel Waldenström ()

Abstract: This paper studies determinants of income inequality using a newly assembled panel of 16 countries over the entire twentieth century. We focus on three groups of income earners: the rich (P99-100), the upper middle class (P90-99), and the rest of the population (P0-90). The results show that periods of high economic growth disproportionately increases the top percentile income share at the expense of the rest of the top decile. Financial development is also pro-rich and the outbreak of banking crises is associated with reduced income shares of the rich. Trade openness has no clear distributional impact (if anything openness reduces top shares). Government spending, however, is negative for the upper middle class and positive for the nine lowest deciles but does not seem to affect the rich. Finally, tax progressivity reduces top income shares and when accounting for real dynamic effects the impact can be important over time.

Keywords: Top incomes; Income inequality; Financial development; Trade openness; Government spending; Taxation; Economic development; (follow links to similar papers)

JEL-Codes: D31; F10; G10; H20; N30; (follow links to similar papers)

47 pages, October 16, 2007, Revised April 1, 2009

Before downloading any of the electronic versions below you should read our statement on copyright.
Download GhostScript for viewing Postscript files and the Acrobat Reader for viewing and printing pdf files.

Full text versions of the paper:

wp721.pdf    PDF-file
Download Statistics

Questions (including download problems) about the papers in this series should be directed to Elisabeth Gustafsson ()
Report other problems with accessing this service to Sune Karlsson () or Helena Lundin ().

Programing by
Design by Joachim Ekebom

Handle: RePEc:hhs:iuiwop:0721 This page was generated on 2014-12-14 19:24:17